Histology of the lung explained by a pulmonary pathologist, part 1 | Jabar Post Indonesia – This time JabarPost.Net will discuss about Mesothelioma.
The following is Histology of the lung explained by a pulmonary pathologist, part 1. And for those of you who want to find a similar explanation, you can search in the Mesothelioma category
Histology of the lung explained by a pulmonary pathologist, part 1 | Jabar Post Indonesia
Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that develops from the thin layer of tissue that covers many of the internal organs (known as the mesothelium). The most common area affected is the lining of the lungs and chest wall. Less commonly the lining of the abdomen and rarely the sac surrounding the heart, or the sac surrounding the testis may be affected. Signs and symptoms of mesothelioma may include shortness of breath due to fluid around the lung, a swollen abdomen, chest wall pain, cough, feeling tired, and weight loss. These symptoms typically come on slowly.
More than 80% of mesothelioma cases are caused by exposure to asbestos. The greater the exposure the greater the risk. As of 2013, about 125 million people worldwide have been exposed to asbestos at work. High rates of disease occur in people who mine asbestos, produce products from asbestos, work with asbestos products, live with asbestos workers, or work in buildings containing asbestos. Asbestos exposure and the onset of cancer are generally separated by about 40 years. Washing the clothing of someone who worked with asbestos also increases the risk. Other risk factors include genetics and infection with the simian virus 40. The diagnosis may be suspected based on chest X-ray and CT scan findings, and is confirmed by either examining fluid produced by the cancer or by a tissue biopsy of the cancer.
Prevention centers around reducing exposure to asbestos. Treatment often includes surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. A procedure known as pleurodesis, which involves using substances such as talc to scar together the pleura, may be used to prevent more fluid from building up around the lungs. Chemotherapy often includes the medications cisplatin and pemetrexed. The percentage of people that survive five years following diagnosis is on average 8% in the United States.
This video is for medical students who want to understand histology of the lung in the simplest possible manner, with good pictures and clear explanations. Dr. Sanjay Mukhopadhyay is a medical doctor (pathologist) who diagnoses lung diseases such as lung cancer, mesothelioma, infections and interstitial lung disease by examining tissue samples with a microscope. He is the author of a textbook of lung pathology published by Cambridge University Press. He also posts freely accessible educational material related to pathology and lung diseases on Twitter (@smlungpathguy), Instagram (@smlungpathguy) and Facebook (his professional Facebook page is open to all). If you found this video to be useful, please like, comment, subscribe and share with your friends.
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